Fertile river valleys surrounded by formidable mountain ranges and forests, Thailand has provided bountiful harvests for millennia which has allowed for large populations.
Thailand is home to more than 65 million people the second largest Buddhist population on earth and has never been colonized by European powers, long before the Thai people migrated from southern China into what is now Thailand city-states and kingdoms arose in this region though most have been lost to history.
Chinese records we know that much of this region came under the influence of the Indianized food on Empire although much is not known about them we do know that they had wide-ranging trading contacts based off of Roman coinage and Indian Vietnamese Filipino and Chinese products found in excavations of their port cities and trading posts in 450 ad the pho water wadi kingdom of Lavo established itself as an independent kingdom to the east the chenla emancipated themselves from the Funan rule as well creating an empire to rival the former.
however they would fall victim to infighting separating into land and water chenla the northern state would rapidly disintegrate into smaller squabbling principalities while the water chenla would fall under the domination of Javanese and Sumatran rulers out of this chaos the khmer emerged as a powerful Empire and longtime rival of the Sri vjn Empire fighting in many wars.
Around the middle of the 7th century, the Thai people reached what is now northern Thailand centuries before they had migrated out of southern China avoiding direct Chinese dynastic rule slowly making their way ever further south eventually moving in a Kemmer and mon territory.
The Kemmer called them Siam in 1238 the so cute, I liberated themselves from olavo who in turn were vassals of the camera empire establishing the first major independent tied Kingdom in 1290 to the morning on the Apache Kingdom was overthrown by the Lama establishing a second powerful Thai state so khutai and Lana were staunch allies and when so Goethe was overthrown by a rival.
Thai state within its own borders a UTA Lana would become a constant foe of this new kingdom the city of I UTA was on island encircled by three rivers due to its defensible location I you Tia became powerful politically and economically in a relatively short amount of time from his foundation it was a Buddhist state in contrast to the Kemmer aging and ailing Hindu superpower in 1448 soget I was absorbed into I UTA for Siam as it became known in the West after the establishment of trade with the Portuguese after which point Siam became extremely prosperous as an entry point for European goods into Southeast Asia to the north the Burmese Empire also rose to prominence during this time period conquering the Thai kingdom of Lanna and in 1547 a series of no less than 20 Wars known as the Siamese Burmese Wars began to unfold between these two arch rival kingdoms Siam fell under their control shortly thereafter however this did not last long and Siam quickly re-established itself under his greatest king naresuan who overthrew the Burmese and conquered Lana the brutal wars between the Burmese and Siam would continue at a grueling pace and in 1767 the Burmese would SACA UTA burning it down to the ground although the more than 400 year old capital was reduced to rubble and ash that was not the end for the Thai a nobleman the partial Chinese descent taxon would unite a fractured people and drive out the Burmese yet again in his later years taxon according to some sources is said to had suffered from megalomania believing himself divine and demanding to be worshipped in response he was overthrown in a coup d’etat the general that overthrew taxin established a Chakri dynasty which still reigns today in Thailand the Chakri expanded Siam to his greatest extent and through adept diplomacy and maintaining a formidable military siam managed to avoid falling under British or French domination a fate that befell nearly all of its regional neighbors the Siamese revolution of 1932 was a relatively bloodless coup d’etat with absolute monarchy transition to a constitutional monarchy during the second world war Thailand was governed by field marshal Pollock in the Franco Thai war which the Japanese negotiated an end two hours after the Japanese attacked the American base at Pearl Harbor they invaded Thailand whom had a change of heart analyte with Japan granting them access through their land to go attack Burma after the war Thailand was occupied by Allied forces and became an ally of the u.s. in the Cold War Thailand gradual democracy has been a turbulent process and since 2014 martial law has been enacted by the ruling military Hunta who has promised to enact a new constitution and hold elections an expeditious manner as possible and that has been a lightning-fast overview of Thailand’s history let me know in the comments we think of marshal plaque the current situation in Thailand what time period or event you find the most interesting in Thai history .